The sixties brought with it much change and conflict. The Cold War still existed between the US and the Soviets. New optimism was spreading, however, as a result of the promise of the new President, John F. Kennedy. His assassination would shock the world and lead to a new era with President Johnson and his "Great Society" vision. Both presidents would be faced with racial conflict, and the civil rights movement would begin. Dr. Martin Luther King and many others would lead the fight for justice and equality in our society.